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Data from: Four Atmospheric Circulation Regimes Over the North Pacific and Their Relationship to California Precipitation on Daily to Seasonal Timescales

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Abstract: Precipitation in California is highly variable and not well forecasted on subseasonal-to-seasonal (S2S) timescales. Understanding relationships between synoptic-scale atmospheric circulation and hydrometeorological extremes could improve predictability. This work demonstrates the importance of four North Pacific circulation regimes (called the NP4 modes) in modulating precipitation, flooding, and water resources in California. Here we demonstrate how, on daily timescales, interactions between the NP4 modes drive coastal flow that can result in dry conditions from atmospheric ridging or wet conditions associated with enhanced onshore flow and atmospheric river (AR) landfalls. Seasonally, the prevalence of certain NP4 phase relationships can tip the scale towards wet or dry conditions. Relationships between El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the NP4 are explored, and we provide insight into the poorly-forecasted Western US seasonal precipitation during the “Godzilla” El Niño winter of 2016 by examining climate-weather linkages in a historical context. View this collection on the contributor's website.

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