Monographs prepared for A Documentary history of migratory farm labor, 1938
Creator / Contributor
Federal Writers' Project, Author
Date Created and/or Issued
Child labor in California agriculture. 2. Labor in California: peach crop.--3. The contract labor system in California agriculture.--4. Labor in California apple orchards.--5. The California cotton pickers strike-1933.--6. Labor in California cotton fields.-- 7. Labor in the market pea crop.--8. Indians in Cali-7. Labor in the market pea crop.--8. Indians in California agriculture.--9. Oriental and Mexican labor unions and strikes in California agriculture.-- 10.Negroes in California agriculture.--11. Influence of employment agencies on migratory farm labor.-- 12. The migratory agricultural worker and the American Federation of Labor.--13. The California workmen's compensation act and its application to migrants.--14. Labor in California; sugar bee crop.-- 15. The Social Security Act and migratory labor.-- 16.The parade of races in California agriculture.--17.History of living conditions among migratory laborers in California
From 1880 to the 1930s, California's population and economy were booming. By the early 1900s, the state was a leading agricultural producer, dominated by corporate agribusiness. To keep prices low and profits high, growers wanted laborers who were migratory, nonwhite, nonunion, and alien. By World War I, most farm workers were Mexican, working 16-hour days in the hot sun. With no schooling available, children worked alongside their parents. Conditions began to improve in 1930s. In the 1960s Cesar Chavez, Dolores Huerta, and others organized the United Farm Workers union. Although the federal and state governments passed a series of labor laws restricting child labor, many Hispanic children still work alongside their parents in California's fields today. In this unit students will learn about the California agriculture industry and the experiences of child laborers in this industry.