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Title
Douglas Shearer and Lee De Forest
Alternative Title
Los Angeles Herald Examiner Photo Collection
Date Created and/or Issued
1937
Contributing Institution
Los Angeles Public Library
Collection
Los Angeles Public Library Photo Collection
Rights Information
Images available for reproduction and use. Please see the Ordering & Use page at http://tessa.lapl.org/OrderingUse.html for additional information.
Description
Title supplied by cataloger.; Original photograph is slightly warped.
Douglas Shearer was born on November 17, 1899 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, the brother of actress Norma Shearer. He was a pioneer sound designer and recording director who played a key role in the advancement of sound technology for motion pictures. In the early 1920s. He was a significant innovator in the advancement of sound technology in film, including the development of a sophisticated recording system that eliminated unwanted background noise during sound recording. Shearer held several patents. He was nominated for Academy Awards 21 times, winning 7 times for sound and special effects. He died on January 5, 1971.; Lee de Forest was born on August 26, 1873 in Council Bluffs, Iowa. He was an American inventor interested in wireless telegraphy and invented the Audion, an electronic amplifying vacuum tube in 1906. He later developed an improved wireless telegraph receiver and was granted over 180 patents, but became involved in many radio-related patent disputes. On July 18, 1907, De Forest broadcast the first ship-to-shore message and he named himself the "Father of Radio," disliking the term "wireless." In 1919 and 1920 de Forest filed his first patents on a sound-on-film process, DeForest Phonofilm, which recorded sound directly onto film as parallel lines, an improvement on the work of Finnish inventor Eric Tigerstedt. The process was used for short films, but was initially rejected by the major Hollywood studios. He was, however, honored with an honorary Academy Award in 1960 for his contributions to sound in film.
Pictured are sound designer Douglas Shearer (left), brother of star Norma Shearer, and inventor Lee de Forest. The men are admiring Shearer's Academy Award for Best Sound Effects for the 1936 film San Francisco. Photograph dated March 9, 1937.
Type
Image
Format
1 photographic print :b&w ;26 x 21 cm.
Photographic prints
Identifier
00115417
Herald Examiner Collection
HE box 1763
CARL0005372711
http://173.196.26.125/cdm/ref/collection/photos/id/32839
Subject
Shearer, Douglas,--1899-1971
Shearer, Douglas,--1899-1971--Awards
De Forest, Lee,--1873-1961
Shearer, Norma,--1902-1983--Family
Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Millennium Biltmore Hotel (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Academy Awards (Motion pictures)
Motion picture actors and actresses--United States
Inventors--California--Los Angeles
Men--California--Los Angeles
Hotels--California--Los Angeles
Sofas--California--Los Angeles
Downtown Los Angeles (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Los Angeles Evening Herald and Express photographs
Herald-Examiner Collection photographs

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