This collection includes approximately 40,000 photographs by commercial photographer Ralph Morris, who worked in the Los Angeles area from 1939-1981. His advertising and industrial clients included department stores, restaurants, the automobile and petroleum industries as well as business executives. Also included is the Luckhaus Studio collection of architecture, fashion, the movie industry, sports and street scenes, images which Morris obtained in 1939. The Shriners, or Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine (A.A.O.N.M.S.), were established in the U.S. in 1870 as an appendant body to Freemasonry. In order to be eligible for membership in the Shrine, a person must be a Master Mason in the Freemasonry Fraternity. Dr. Walter M. Fleming, M.D. and actor William J. Florence were the first to discuss the idea of a new fraternity for the Masons at the Knickerbocker Cottage in New York in 1870. The two men took the idea seriously enough to do something about it - converting it into what would become the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine (A.A.O.N.M.S.), adopting a Middle Eastern theme and organizing Temples meetings. The first Temple, established on September 26, 1872, was Mecca Temple (now known as Mecca Shriners) with Fleming serving as the first Potentate. With only 43 Shriners in the organization in 1875, the group decided they needed to do something to boost membership. At a meeting of Mecca Shriners on June 6, 1876, a new body was created to help spur the growth of the fraternity: "The Imperial Grand Council of the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine for the United States of America", and an extensive publicity and recruiting campaign was initiated. It worked, because just two years later, in 1878, there were 425 Shriners in 13 temples. The number of Shriners continued to grow in the 1880s; by 1888 there were 7,210 members in 48 temples throughout the U.S. and one in Canada; in 1898, there were 50,000 Shriners, with 71 of the 79 temples actively engaged in some type of philanthropic work; by 1900, there were well over 55,000 members and 82 temples; and between 1900 and 1918, eight new temples were created in Canada, and one each in Honolulu, Mexico City, and the Republic of Panama. Through the years, these numbers have increased dramatically. Members have included four U.S. Presidents, four Mexican Presidents, One Prime Minister of Canada, and one Hawaiian King. Today, there are more than 411,000 Shriners who belong to 191 Temples or Chapters. Additionally, there are 22 Shriners Hospitals for Children providing care for orthopaedic conditions, burns, spinal cord injuries, and cleft lip and palate. These hospitals have helped more than 835,000 children - at no cost to parent or child - since the first Shriners Hospitals for Children opened in 1922. Actor and Shriner Harold Lloyd (fourth from left), poses with eight additional but unidentified Shriners. Every man wears a suit and a fez denoting his Temple - all of which read "Al Malaikah", except for Mr. Lloyd's, which reads "Ismalia" - as well as a rank: Past Potentate, Recorder, and/or Patrol. Though Mr. Lloyd wears the Ismalia fez, he was a Past Potentate of Al Malaikah Shrine in Los Angeles, and was eventually selected as Imperial Potentate of the Shriners of North America for the year 1949-50. The Ismalia Shrine Temple is based in Buffalo, N.Y.
1 photographic print :b&w ;21 x 26 cm. Photographic prints
Lloyd, Harold,--1893-1971 Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine for North America Al Malaikah Shrine Temple (Los Angeles, Calif.) Ismalia Shrine Temple (Buffalo, N.Y.) Freemasons Fraternal organizations--California--Los Angeles Societies--California--Los Angeles Fezzes--California--Los Angeles Motion picture actors and actresses--United States Group portraits Portrait photographs