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Title supplied by cataloger.; Photograph was edited for publication purposes. In February 1945, Herbert Sorrell lead a six-month strike that originated with a dispute between two unions, the CSU (Conference of Studio Unions) and the IATSE (International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees and Moving Picture Machine Operators of the United States and Canada) over which one of them had union authority over seventy-seven set decorators. An independent arbitrator appointed by the War Labor Board found that the CSU had jurisdiction over the set decorators. When Hollywood producers refused to acknowledge that decision, the strike began. Around 10,000 CSU workers went on strike, picketing all of the studios. Many members of IATSE refused to cross the picket lines or do work normally filled by members of the CSU. The studios, however, had films already completed and were able to handle the strike better than the workers. By October, resources were running low and on October 5, 1945, picketers and replacement workers were involved in a bloody battle that became known as Hollywood Black Friday. Police and sheriffs from several departments were called in to handle the melee. Over 40 people were injured and property was destroyed. The strike was settled for a time. Another strike was called in September, 1946, after the studios replaced CSU workers and locked them out. After more fighting, the Screen Actors Guild voted to cross picket lines, a blow to the strikers. The CSU finally voted to permit impoverished members and supporters to cross the picket lines and return to work. These events led to the enactment of the Taft-Hartley Act, a federal bill that restricts the activities and power of labor unions. Photograph caption dated October 26, 1945 reads "Today--And this was the peaceful scene at the same studio this morning with nary a picket in sight as strikers were withdrawn from all studio gates while union and studio heads worked on clarification of settlements." The entrance to the studio is shown with two cars parked in the street, one with loudspeakers on the roof. A man can be seen standing next to one of the vehicles. A metal sign above the entrance says "employees" and a large banner between two buildings reads "As we have stated before, Warner Bros. will agree to and abide by whatever settlement has been arrived at between the industry and the unions at the meeting in Cincinnati." The word "Today" is handwritten on the front of the photograph. Warner Brothers studio is located in Burbank, California.
1 photographic print :b&w ;21 x 26 cm. Photographic prints
00107041 HeraldÂ Examiner Collection HE box 7030 CARL0005348096 http://188.8.131.52/cdm/ref/collection/photos/id/32167
Conference of Studio Unions Warner Bros Strikes and lockouts--Motion picture industry--California--Burbank (Los Angeles County) Motion picture studios--California--Burbank (Los Angeles County) Labor unions--United States Automobiles--California--Burbank (Los Angeles County) Banners--California--Burbank (Los Angeles County) Trees--California--Burbank (Los Angeles County) Loudspeakers--California--Burbank (Los Angeles County) Men--California--Burbank (Los Angeles County) Burbank (Los Angeles County, Calif.) Los Angeles Evening Herald and Express photographs Herald-Examiner Collection photographs