Skip to main content

Text / Japanese question in the United States: a compilation of memoranda by Lt. ...

Have a question about this item?

Item information. View source record on contributor's website.

Japanese question in the United States: a compilation of memoranda by Lt. Com. K. D. Ringle
Ringle, K. D., 1900-1963: author
United States. War Relocation Authority
Date Created and/or Issued
Contributing Institution
California State University, Dominguez Hills, Archives and Special Collections
CSU Japanese American Digitization Project
Rights Information
The California Historical Society (CHS) has no information about copyright ownership for this item, and is not authorized to grant permission to publish or reproduce it. Copyright is assumed to be held by the original creator of the item. Unpublished works are expected to pass into the public domain 120 years after their creation; works published before 1923 have entered the public domain. Upon request, digitized works can be removed from public view if there are rights issues that need to be resolved.
Compiled memos labeled "confidential - not for publication, reproduced for circulation exclusively among employees of the War Relocation Authority." Section headings and subheadings are listed below. Foreword, contents, definitions. Backgrounds: the Issei, dual citizenship, Nisei, Issei vs. Nisei, Americanization of the Nisei, importance of school influence, intense desire to conform, a change in position of women, adoption of western dress, effect of religion, end of the caste system, examples of economic and social ambition, loyalty of group, "fish out of water," Nisei dependence on Issei waning, Japanese-American organizations, Japanese language schools, Japanese newspapers. Protection of the loyal evacuees: Segregation of disloyal influence recommended, why certain of the Kibei are dangerous, procedure for segregation, opportunity for change in classification, segregation of disloyal aliens, committees of loyal Nisei can help, release of certain internees possible, general effect of segregation desirable. Recommendations for relocation centers - general guides in dealing with evacuees: suggestions for work (make enlistment in work corps a privilege, semi-military structure proposed, suggestions for insignia, voluntary enlistment should be stressed, plan for use of work corps in harvesting, advantages of harvesting plan, general views on employability of evacuees). Suggestions for community life: the pattern should be American. Suggestions for an Americanization program: importance of the Caucasian teacher, views on self-government, Buddhism and Shintoism, youth organizations, care of orphans, intelligence work within relocation centers, documentation. Conclusion. Document number 6-0058.
Personal correspondence, organizational records, government documents, publications, and other papers created or collected by Joseph R. Goodman documenting the forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II, as well as organized resistance to incarceration. Included in the collection are records of the Japanese Young Men's Christian Association and the Japanese American Citizens' League in San Francisco, including papers of the Japanese YMCA's executive secretary Lincoln Kanai; Sakai family papers; Goodman's correspondence to and from Japanese American incarcerees, organizations opposing forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans, the War Relocation Authority, and others; publications, photographs, and ephemera from the Topaz Relocation Center, where Goodman taught high school; War Relocation Authority records and publications; and newspaper clippings, pamphlets, and reports about forced removal and incarceration created by various government, religious, and civic organizations, in California and nationwide.
57 pages, 10.5 x 8 inches
World War II--Administration--War Relocation Authority
World War II--Administration--Registration and 'loyalty questionnaire
World War II--'Enemy Alien' Classification
Identity and values--Issei
Identity and values--Nisei
Identity and values--Women
World War II--Incarceration camps
World War II--Incarceration camps--Incarcerees
World War II--Incarceration camps--Work and jobs
World War II--Incarceration camps--Education
World War II--Incarceration camps--Facilities, services, and camp administration
World War II--Incarceration camps--Religion
World War II--Incarceration camps--Publications
World War II--Leaving camp--Work leave
World War II--Propaganda--U.S. Government Propaganda
World War II--Resistance and dissidence--Segregation and Tule Lake
Washington, D.C.
California Historical Society
California State University Japanese American Digitization Project
Joseph R. Goodman papers on Japanese American incarceration

About the collections in Calisphere

Learn more about the collections in Calisphere. View our statement on digital primary resources.

Copyright, permissions, and use

If you're wondering about permissions and what you can do with this item, a good starting point is the "rights information" on this page. See our terms of use for more tips.

Share your story

Has Calisphere helped you advance your research, complete a project, or find something meaningful? We'd love to hear about it; please send us a message.

Explore related content on Calisphere: