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Image / Landscape with trees, San Basilio de Palenque, 1976

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Title
Landscape with trees, San Basilio de Palenque, 1976
Creator
Cross, Richard, 1950-1983
Date Created and/or Issued
1976
Publication Information
California State University, Northridge
Contributing Institution
California State University, Northridge
Collection
Richard Cross Photographs (Bradley Center)
Rights Information
Use of images from the collections of the Tom & Ethel Bradley Center is strictly prohibited by law without prior written consent from the copyright holders. The responsibility for the use of these materials rests exclusively with the user.
The Bradley Center may assist in obtaining copyright/licensing permission to use images from the Richard Cross collection. http://www.csun.edu/bradley-center/contact
Description
Landscape in San Basilio de Palenque, a town located 31 miles from Cartagena, where lived a community of cattle ranchers. Cattle ranching was traditionally done by men in the Bajo Grande of Palenque, where people in the community harvested corn in January and then let the cattle graze until September. But outside cattle-owners sent their cattle to graze in that area and later fenced some land, forcing San Basilio cattle ranchers to move their cattle to graze in the highlands. San Basilio de Palenque, a town located 31 miles from Cartagena, is considered the first free-slave community of the Americas because on August 23, 1691, the Spanish King Charles II signed a royal charter recognizing the freedom of the runaway slave communities in the María Mountains. Local authorities, however, did not sign a treaty with the communities of free slaves until January of 1714 acknowledging their freedom and ordering the establishment of the town of Palenque San Basilio Magno. People in San Basilio de Palenque speak a Spanish-based creole language known as Palenquero. According to public records, in 1975 the village had 2,400 residents (mostly farmers or day laborers) and 388 houses. Colombian anthropologist Nina S. De Friedemann had been studying the Afro-Colombian community of San Basilio de Palenque for the Colombian Institute of Anthropology and Richard Cross joined her to do work as a visual anthropologist in June 1975. This image illustrates Cross's anthropological categories: Inventory of male-female work roles. It also illustrates the subcategories: Landscape.
Ajardine en San Basilio de Palenque, un pueblo ubicado a 50 kilómetros de Cartagena, donde vivía una comunidad de ganaderos. La cría de ganado era tradicionalmente realizada por hombres en el Bajo Grande de Palenque, donde la gente de la comunidad cosechaba maíz en enero y luego dejaba que el ganado pastara hasta septiembre. Pero en el exterior, los propietarios de ganado sintieron que su ganado aterrizaba en esa área y luego cercaron algunas tierras, lo que obligó a los ganaderos de Saint Basil a trasladar su ganado a la muerte en las tierras altas. San Basilio de Palenque, un pueblo ubicado a 50 kilómetros de Cartagena, es considerada la primera comunidad de esclavos libres de América porque el 23 de agosto de 1691, el rey español Carlos II firmó una carta real que reconoce la libertad de las comunidades esclavistas fugitivas en el Montes de María. Las autoridades locales, sin embargo, no se inscribieron en la comunidad de esclavos libres hasta enero de 1714. La gente en San Basilio de Palenque habla el idioma criollo español conocido como Palenquero. Según los registros públicos, en 1975 el pueblo tenía 2.400 residentes (en su mayoría agricultores o jornaleros) y 388 casas. La antropóloga colombiana Nina S. De Friedemann había sido estudiada. de roles de trabajo masculino-femenino.
Type
image
Format
Photographs
image/jpeg
Black-and-white negatives
Extent
35 mm
Identifier
99.01.RCr.N35.B3.61.24
http://digital-collections.csun.edu/cdm/ref/collection/p17169coll1/id/5055
Subject
Ranching--Colombia--San Basilio del Palenque
Cattle--Habitat
Landscapes
Place
San Basilio del Palenque (Colombia)
Relation
99.01.RCr.N35.B3.61.24.tif
Richard Cross Photographs
California State University Northridge. University Library. Special Collections & Archives. Tom & Ethel Bradley Center

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