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Image / Exterior, south facade of Mission San Gabriel Arcangel

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Title
Exterior, south facade of Mission San Gabriel Arcangel
Alternative Title
Security Pacific National Bank Photo Collection
Date Created and/or Issued
1878
Contributing Institution
Los Angeles Public Library
Collection
Los Angeles Public Library Photo Collection
Rights Information
Images available for reproduction and use. Please see the Ordering & Use page at http://tessa.lapl.org/OrderingUse.html for additional information.
Description
Title supplied by cataloger.
Mission San Gabriel Arcangel, also known as the San Gabriel Mission, is a former Roman Catholic mission and current historic landmark; it was the fourth of 21 California missions to be founded. The founding date was September 8, 1771, and Padres Pedro Benito Cambon and Angel Fernandes de la Somera were the founding priests. The mission was built from 1791 to 1805 out of cut stone, brick, and mortar, and is the oldest structure of its kind south of Monterey, Ca. It was designed by Father Antonio Cruzado, and is often referred to as the "Godmother of the Pueblo of Los Angeles". Father Cruzado gave the building its strong Moorish architectural influence, with capped buttresses and tall, narrow windows, which are unique among the missions of the California chain. In the early mission era, it came to be known as the "Pride of the Missions" and became the wealthiest of all the early missions due to its large production of crops and trading of cattle hides and wine. On October 1, 1987 the Whittier Narrows Earthquake heavily damaged the mission, but it was fully restored between 1987 and 1993. Today, San Gabriel possesses perhaps the finest collection of mission relics in existence. It has a hammered copper baptismal font that was the gift of King Carlos III of Spain in 1771, and six priceless altar statues that were brought around the Horn from Spain in 1791. Mission San Gabriel Arcangel was added in 1971 as a National Historic Landmark, building #71000158. It is also a California Historical Landmark, No. 158. Two addresses are given for the mission: 428 South Mission Drive, and 537 West Mission Drive at Junipero Street.
Early view of the western end and south facade of Mission San Gabriel Arcangel. When this photograph was taken, the road was still unpaved, trees had just been planted along the south side (these were later replaced with palms), this side of the church was fenced in, and it had not yet placed its large cross that would rest atop this entrance for many years to come. Verso reads: "Many tourists over the years have asked Fathers stationed at the mission, "Why did they build the mission so near the railroad?" Question has received all kinds of unusual answers. This early view, made in the early 80's, shows the railroad that many early tourists saw".
Type
image
Format
1 photographic print :b&w ;20 x 15 cm. on board 23 x 15 cm.
Photographic prints
Identifier
00079216
Security Pacific National Bank Collection
Missions-San Gabriel-Arcangel.; N-002-318 8x10
CARL0000080695
http://173.196.26.125/cdm/ref/collection/photos/id/111911
Subject
Mission San Gabriel Arcangel (San Gabriel, Calif.)
Missions, Spanish--California--San Gabriel
Church buildings--California--San Gabriel
Railroad tracks--California--San Gabriel
Cruzado, Antonio
San Gabriel (Calif.)

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