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Title
Red Cross picketer
Alternative Title
Los Angeles Herald Examiner Photo Collection
Date Created and/or Issued
1945
Contributing Institution
Los Angeles Public Library
Collection
Los Angeles Public Library Photo Collection
Rights Information
Images available for reproduction and use. Please see the Ordering & Use page at http://tessa.lapl.org/OrderingUse.html for additional information.
Description
Title supplied by cataloger.; Photograph was edited for publication purposes.
In February 1945, Herbert Sorrell lead a six-month strike that originated with a dispute between two unions, the CSU (Conference of Studio Unions) and the IATSE (International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees and Moving Picture Machine Operators of the United States and Canada) over which one of them had union authority over seventy-seven set decorators. An independent arbitrator appointed by the War Labor Board found that the CSU had jurisdiction over the set decorators. When Hollywood producers refused to acknowledge that decision, the strike began. Around 10,000 CSU workers went on strike, picketing all of the studios. Many members of IATSE refused to cross the picket lines or do work normally filled by members of the CSU. The studios, however, had films already completed and were able to handle the strike better than the workers. By October, resources were running low and on October 5, 1945, picketers and replacement workers were involved in a bloody battle that became known as Hollywood Black Friday. Police and sheriffs from several departments were called in to handle the melee. Over 40 people were injured and property was destroyed. The strike was settled for a time. Another strike was called in September, 1946, after the studios replaced CSU workers and locked them out. After more fighting, the Screen Actors Guild voted to cross picket lines, a blow to the strikers. The CSU finally voted to permit impoverished members and supporters to cross the picket lines and return to work. These events led to the enactment of the Taft-Hartley Act, a federal bill that restricts the activities and power of labor unions.
Photograph caption dated October 17, 1945 reads "Here, another woman gets a 'ride' away from the picket line, carried by officers. Herbert K. Sorrell, who has been directing the walkout, shouted over the loud speaker: 'You have done a fine job. Keep peaceful, get some rest while you're sitting down." Martha MacLane is being lifted up by two police officers near Warner Brothers studio. She has a Red Cross band on her left wrist and is wearing a Red Cross hard hat. A restaurant, the Ideal Cafe, can be seen in the background. A picket sign reads "U.S. Govt. exposes producer-IATSE tie-up!" Warner Brothers studio is located in Burbank, California.
Type
Image
Format
1 photographic print :b&w ;21 x 26 cm.
Photographic prints
Identifier
00106631
Herald Examiner Collection
HE box 7030
CARL0005348117
http://173.196.26.125/cdm/ref/collection/photos/id/33928
Subject
Conference of Studio Unions
Warner Bros
American Red Cross
Strikes and lockouts--Motion picture industry--California--Burbank (Los Angeles County)
Motion picture studios--California--Burbank (Los Angeles County)--Employees
Motion picture industry--California--Burbank (Los Angeles County)--Employees
Police--California--Burbank (Los Angeles County)
Restaurants--California--Burbank (Los Angeles County)
Signs and signboards--California--Burbank (Los Angeles County)
Picketing--California--Burbank (Los Angeles County)
Labor unions--United States
Men--California--Burbank (Los Angeles County)
Women--California--Burbank (Los Angeles County)
Burbank (Los Angeles County, Calif.)
Night photographs
Los Angeles Evening Herald and Express photographs
Herald-Examiner Collection photographs

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