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T: Ch'u-yang and Shih-men Sung Hsü was from Ch'ung-te, near Chia-hsing, Chechiang province but lived and worked much of his life around Sung-chiang. He was much admired during his life, both for his ability as a painter and his spiritual understanding. He lived in a Taoist temple and had studied Ch'an Buddhism, although he never actually became a monk. His paintings from the 1580s, like this tall, attenuated landscape, are independent and individualistic, although it is possible to see the influence of Shen Chou in the development of the brushwork in the mountain forms. The dramatic appeal of this painting is in the compressed composition. His influence extended into the next generation of painters as the teacher of Chao Tso and Sung Mou-chin.
Painting Hanging scroll: ink and color on paper China h 74 -1/4 x w 16 -3/8 inches