UC Riverside, California Museum of Photography > Keystone-Mast Collection > 136 In the foreground a hole in the ground from which the women just emerged. She went underground to fetch water from a “ganat.” Water in Iran is very scarce. Small streams would quickly dry up under the torridly hot sun. So the system of bringing water from a well in the hills is the ganat. With this sketch (see sketch on title list) I have tried to illustrate 8 to 10 km long is a costly undertaking and can only be paid for by a rich man. The man who pays for the construction of a ganat is entitled to 1/3 of the agricultural product the soil gives and because he (mostly owned by the water he gets a second 1/3 of the produce, one-third for the construction and 1/3 for the water equals 2/3. The farmer, or peasant, who is tilling the soil only keeps 1/3 for himself and from the money he earns from that he has to pay to the landowner the rent for the soil. That is the reason why Iranian peasants are VERY poor and hardly ever free of debt to their squires. The buildings in the background have been built by the American Point Four program (inauguration that same day, July 1953) as life-stock station. the ganat existed already

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Title
136 In the foreground a hole in the ground from which the women just emerged. She went underground to fetch water from a “ganat.” Water in Iran is very scarce. Small streams would quickly dry up under the torridly hot sun. So the system of bringing water from a well in the hills is the ganat. With this sketch (see sketch on title list) I have tried to illustrate 8 to 10 km long is a costly undertaking and can only be paid for by a rich man. The man who pays for the construction of a ganat is entitled to 1/3 of the agricultural product the soil gives and because he (mostly owned by the water he gets a second 1/3 of the produce, one-third for the construction and 1/3 for the water equals 2/3. The farmer, or peasant, who is tilling the soil only keeps 1/3 for himself and from the money he earns from that he has to pay to the landowner the rent for the soil. That is the reason why Iranian peasants are VERY poor and hardly ever free of debt to their squires. The buildings in the background have been built by the American Point Four program (inauguration that same day, July 1953) as life-stock station. the ganat existed already
Creator
De Meiss-Teuffen
Contributor
Gifford M. Mast
Date Created and/or Issued
[Date not indicated]
Publication Information
Keystone View Company
Contributing Institution
UC Riverside, California Museum of Photography
Collection
Keystone-Mast Collection
Rights Information
REQUIRED CREDIT LINE MUST STATE: Keystone-Mast Collection, UCR/California Museum of Photography, University of California at Riverside. Please contact UCR/California Museum of Photography for information about the copyright status of this item. Some materials in these collections may be protected by the U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.). In addition, the reproduction, and/or commercial use, of some materials may be restricted by gift or purchase agreements, donor restrictions, privacy and publicity rights, licensing agreement(s), and/or trademark rights. Distribution or reproduction of materials protected by copyright beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. To the extent other restrictions apply, permission for distribution or reproduction from the applicable rights holder is also required. Responsibility for obtaining permissions, and for any use rests exclusively with the user.
Description
136 In the foreground a hole in the ground from which the women just emerged. She went underground to fetch water from a “ganat.” Water in Iran is very scarce. Small streams would quickly dry up under the torridly hot sun. So the system of bringing water from a well in the hills is the ganat. With this sketch (see sketch on title list) I have tried to illustrate 8 to 10 km long is a costly undertaking and can only be paid for by a rich man. The man who pays for the construction of a ganat is entitled to 1/3 of the agricultural product the soil gives and because he (mostly owned by the water he gets a second 1/3 of the produce, one-third for the construction and 1/3 for the water equals 2/3. The farmer, or peasant, who is tilling the soil only keeps 1/3 for himself and from the money he earns from that he has to pay to the landowner the rent for the soil. That is the reason why Iranian peasants are VERY poor and hardly ever free of debt to their squires. The buildings in the background have been built by the American Point Four program (inauguration that same day, July 1953) as life-stock station. the ganat existed already.
Person walking near a hole in the ground with buildings in the distance
Type
image
Format
Keystone photo print 7.18 in. x 4.18 in.
Identifier
http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/kt8489r3jk
1996.0009.KU105005
Language
English
Subject
Nature
Bodies of water
Lakes and ponds
Water holes
Land
Desert
People
Women
Facilities
Buildings
Place
Asia
Iran
Latitude: 32 00 00 N
Longitude: 053 00 00 E

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