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Dataset / Data from: Skipping Syntactically Illegal 'the' Previews: The Role of Predictability

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Data from: Skipping Syntactically Illegal 'the' Previews: The Role of Predictability
Abbott, Matthew J
Ahn, Y. Danbi
Angele, Bernhard
Date Created and/or Issued
Contributing Institution
UC San Diego, Library, Research Data Curation Program
Keith Rayner Eye Movements in Reading Data Collection
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Under copyright
Constraint(s) on Use: This work is protected by the U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.). Use of this work beyond that allowed by "fair use" requires written permission of the UC Regents. Responsibility for obtaining permissions and any use and distribution of this work rests exclusively with the user and not the UC San Diego Library. Inquiries can be made to the UC San Diego Library program having custody of the work.
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UC Regents
Publication abstract: Readers tend to skip words, particularly when they are short, frequent, or predictable. Angele and Rayner (2013) recently reported that readers are often unable to detect syntactic anomalies in parafoveal vision. In the present study, we manipulated target word predictability to assess whether contextual constraint modulates the-skipping behavior. The results provide further evidence that readers frequently skip the article the when infelicitous in context. Readers skipped predictable words more often than unpredictable words, even when the, which was syntactically illegal and unpredictable from the prior context, was presented as a parafoveal preview. The results of the experiment were simulated using E-Z Reader 10 by assuming that cloze probability can be dissociated from parafoveal visual input. It appears that when a short word is predictable in context, a decision to skip it can be made even if the information available parafoveally conflicts both visually and syntactically with those predictions. Subject population: Adults, student
Research Data Curation Program, UC San Diego, La Jolla, 92093-0175 (
Abbott, Matthew J; Angele, Bernhard; Ahn, Y D; Rayner, Keith (2015): Data from: Skipping syntactically illegal “the” previews: The role of predictability. In Keith Rayner Eye Movements in Reading Data Collection. UC San Diego Library Digital Collections.
Abbott, M.J., Angele, B., Ahn, Y.D., & Rayner, K. (2015). Skipping syntactically illegal “the” previews: The role of predictability. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 41, 1703-1714.
This package contains data and analysis scripts for a gaze-contingent display change experiment and two simulations using E-Z Reader 10. The raw data from the experiment are available in ASC(text) format in the "ASC" sub-directory of the Data component. The input parameter files and scripts used to process the data are available in the "Processing" sub-directory. Processed data files (one row for each item X subject combination) from EyeDry are available in the "IXS" sub-directory. These files are stitched together into an R dataframe using the "coding.R" script available in the "Analysis" sub-directory. From there, the "plots.R" and "models.R" scripts will replicate the analyses reported in the manuscript. For the E-Z Reader simulations, the input files (named "corpus.txt" for each simulation) and output (sim#_dat.csv) are available in their respective directories. See the Guide (Related Resource link, below) for details on some of the different types of files and column definitions that are contained in the data collection. Direct any inquiry to
Word predictability
Word frequency
Parafoveal processing
Eye movements
Gaze-contingent display change

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