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Dataset / Data from: Processing 'the' in the Parafovea: Are Articles Skipped Automatically?

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Data from: Processing 'the' in the Parafovea: Are Articles Skipped Automatically?
Angele, Bernhard
Date Created and/or Issued
Contributing Institution
UC San Diego, Library, Research Data Curation Program
Keith Rayner Eye Movements in Reading Data Collection
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Publication abstract: One of the words that readers of English skip most often is the definite article "the". Most accounts of reading assume that in order for a reader to skip a word, it must have received some lexical processing. The definite article is kipped so regularly, however, that the oculomotor system might have learned to skip the letter string t-h-e automatically. We tested whether skipping of articles in English is sensitive to context information or whether it is truly automatic in the sense that any occurrence of the letter string "the" will trigger a skip. This was done using the gaze-contingent boundary paradigm (Rayner, 1975) to provide readers with false parafoveal previews of the article "the". All experimental sentences contained a short target verb, the preview of which could be correct (i.e., identical to the actual subsequent word in the sentence; e.g., "ace"), a nonword ("tda"), or an infelicitous article preview ("the"). Our results indicated that readers tended to skip the infelicitous "the" previews frequently, suggesting that, in many cases, they seemed to be unable to detect the syntactic anomaly in the preview and based their skipping decision solely on the orthographic properties of the article. However, there was some evidence that readers sometimes detected the anomaly, as they also showed increased skipping of the pretarget word in the "the" preview condition. Subject population: Adults, student
Research Data Curation Program, UC San Diego, La Jolla, 92093-0175 (
Angele, Bernhard; Rayner, Keith (2015): Data from: Processing 'the' in the parafovea: Are articles skipped automatically? In Keith Rayner Eye Movements in Reading Data Collection. UC San Diego Library Digital Collections.
Angele, B., & Rayner, K. (2013). Processing 'the' in the parafovea: Are articles skipped automatically? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 39, 649-662.
This package contains data and analysis scripts for a gaze-contingent display change experiment. The raw data are located in ASC format in the "ASC" sub-directory of the component titled, "Data", and processed data (DA1) files are in the "DA1" sub-directory. Data were collected separately with "sentence case" (normal capitalization) or "all caps". Sentence case files begin with "SNAF.." and all caps files begin with "SUP". Files used in the final analysis (one row per item per subj) are located in the "IXS" sub-directory and begin with "THE..". Files used in the supplemental analysis (felicitous occurrences of "the") begin with "FTHE..". Files used in data processing are located in the "Processing" sub-directory. The analysis script is located in the "Analysis" sub-directory. The experiment scripts are located in the component titled, "Materials". See the Guide (Related Resource link, below) for details on some of the different types of files and column definitions that are contained in the data collection.
Parafoveal processing
Eye movements
Word frequency
Gaze-contingent display change

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