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Dataset / Data from: Skilled Deaf Readers Have an Enhanced Perceptual Span in Reading

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Title
Data from: Skilled Deaf Readers Have an Enhanced Perceptual Span in Reading
Creator
Belanger, Nathalie N
Mayberry, Rachel I
Slattery, Timothy J
Date Created and/or Issued
2012
Contributing Institution
UC San Diego, Library, Research Data Curation Program
Collection
Keith Rayner Eye Movements in Reading Data Collection
Rights Information
Under copyright
Constraint(s) on Use: This work is protected by the U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.). Use of this work beyond that allowed by "fair use" requires written permission of the UC Regents. Responsibility for obtaining permissions and any use and distribution of this work rests exclusively with the user and not the UC San Diego Library. Inquiries can be made to the UC San Diego Library program having custody of the work.
Use: This work is available from the UC San Diego Library. This digital copy of the work is intended to support research, teaching, and private study.
Rights Holder and Contact
UC Regents
Description
Publication abstract: Recent evidence suggests that, compared with hearing people, deaf people have enhanced visual attention to simple stimuli viewed in the parafovea and periphery. Although a large part of reading involves processing the fixated words in foveal vision, readers also utilize information in parafoveal vision to preprocess upcoming words and decide where to look next. In the study reported here, we investigated whether auditory deprivation affects low-level visual processing during reading by comparing the perceptual span of deaf signers who were skilled and less-skilled readers with the perceptual span of skilled hearing readers. Compared with hearing readers, the two groups of deaf readers had a larger perceptual span than would be expected given their reading ability. These results provide the first evidence that deaf readers’ enhanced attentional allocation to the parafovea is used during complex cognitive tasks, such as reading. Subject population: Adults, deaf, bilingual
Research Data Curation Program, UC San Diego, La Jolla, 92093-0175 (https://library.ucsd.edu/research-and-collections/data-curation/)
Belanger, Nathalie N; Slattery, Timothy J; Mayberry, Rachel I; Rayner, Keith (2015): Data from: Skilled deaf readers have an enhanced perceptual span in reading. In Keith Rayner Eye Movements in Reading Data Collection. UC San Diego Library Digital Collections. http://dx.doi.org/10.6075/J0W66HP1
Belanger, N.N., Slattery, T.J., Mayberry, R.I., & Rayner, K. (2012). Skilled deaf readers have an enhanced perceptual span in reading. Psychological Science, 23, 816-823. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797611435130
This package contains data and data processing information for a gaze-contingent moving window experiment. The raw data are available in ASC (text) format in the "ASC" sub-directory of the Data component. The input parameter files and scripts used to process the data are available in the "Processing" sub-directory. Note that the original script file contained items from two experiments, but the DA1 files (Timdrop analyses) provided in this package only contain data from conditions 1-5 (Span experiment; data from the second experiment, condition 6, are unpublished). Processed data files (one row for each item X subject combination) from Dampdry are available in the "Dampdry Output (global eye movement measures)" sub-directory (".out"). Trials with two or more blinks (see "Blink Removal" folder for output) were removed from the analyses. See the Guide (Related Resource link, below) for details on some of the different types of files and column definitions that are contained in the data collection. Subject characteristics: Skilled Hearing Readers (SKH) All DA1 files beginning with the letter "H" = hearing adults, native speakers of English, age 21-43 years (M = 29), mean reading level = 11th grade Skilled Deaf Readers (SKD) Main communication mode is American Sign Language, learned before 10 years old, age 20-45 years (M = 30), mean reading level = 10th grade DA1 files for SKD D02S2.DA1, D03S3.DA1, D04S4.DA1, D05S5.DA1, D08S2.DA1, DA1 files for SKD D02S2.DA1, D03S3.DA1, D04S4.DA1, D05S5.DA1, D08S2.DA1, D09S6.DA1, D12S3.DA1, D13S5.DA1, D14S6.DA1, D15S1.DA1, D17S3.DA1, D18S4.DA1, D19S5.DA1, D21S1.DA1, D23S4.DA1, D25S5.DA1, D26S3.DA1, D18S4.DA1, D19S5.DA1, D21S1.DA1, D23S4.DA1, D25S5.DA1, D26S3.DA1, D27S2.DA1, D31S1.DA1 Less-Skilled Deaf Readers (LSKD) Main communication mode is American Sign Language, learned before 10 years old, age 20-45 years (M = 30), mean reading level = 6th grade DA1 files for LSKD D01S1.DA1, D07S1.DA1, D10S3.DA1, D11S4.DA1, D16S2.DA1, D22S2.DA1, D24S6.da1, D28S3.DA1, D29S4.DA1, D30S5.DA1, D33S4.DA1, D34S6.DA1, D35S2.DA1, D36S6.DA1, D37S5.DA1, D38S5.DA1, D39S1.DA1, D40S1.DA1, D41S3.DA1
Type
Dataset
Language
English
Subject
Reading ability
Gaze contingent display change
Reading
Eye-tracking
Single line
Eye movements
Psychology

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