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Title
Data from: Linking variations in sea spray aerosol particle hygroscopicity to composition during two microcosm experiments
Date Created and/or Issued
Time period of project: 2014-07-01 - 2016-07-01
Contributing Institution
UC San Diego, Library, Research Data Curation Program
Collection
Center for Aerosol Impacts on Chemistry of the Environment (CAICE)
Rights Information
Under copyright
Constraint(s) on Use: This work is protected by the U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.). Use of this work beyond that allowed by "fair use" requires written permission of the UC Regents. Responsibility for obtaining permissions and any use and distribution of this work rests exclusively with the user and not the UC San Diego Library. Inquiries can be made to the UC San Diego Library program having custody of the work.
Use: This work is available from the UC San Diego Library. This digital copy of the work is intended to support research, teaching, and private study.
Rights Holder and Contact
UC Regents
Description
Publication abstract: The extent to which water uptake influences the light scattering ability of marine sea spray aerosol (SSA) particles depends critically on SSA chemical composition. The organic fraction of SSA can increase during phytoplankton blooms, decreasing the salt content and therefore the hygroscopicity of the particles. In this study, subsaturated hygroscopic growth factors at 85% relative humidity (GF(85 %)) of predominately submicron SSA particles were quantified during two induced phytoplankton blooms in marine aerosol reference tanks (MARTs). One MART was illuminated with fluorescent lights and the other was illuminated with sunlight, referred to as the “indoor” and “outdoor” MARTs, respectively. Optically weighted GF(85%) values for SSA particles were derived from measurements of light scattering and particle size distributions. The mean optically weighted SSA diameters were 530 and 570nm for the indoor and outdoor MARTs, respectively. The GF(85%) measurements were made concurrently with online particle composition measurements, including bulk composition (using an Aerodyne high-resolution aerosol mass spectrometer) and single particle (using an aerosol time-of-flight mass spectrometer) measurement, and a variety of water-composition measurements. During both microcosm experiments, the observed optically weighted GF(85%) values were depressed substantially relative to pure inorganic sea salt by 5 to 15 %. There was also a time lag between GF(85%) depression and the peak chlorophyll a (Chl a) concentrations by either 1 (indoor MART) or 3-to-6 (outdoor MART) days. The fraction of organic matter in the SSA particles generally increased after the Chl a peaked, also with a time lag, and ranged from about 0.25 to 0.5 by volume. The observed depression in the GF(85%) values (relative to pure sea salt) is consistent with the large observed volume fractions of nonrefractory organic matter (NR-OM) comprising the SSA. The GF(85%) values exhibited a reasonable negative correlation with the SSA NR-OM volume fractions after the peak of the blooms (i.e., Chl a maxima); i.e., the GF(85%) values generally decreased when the NR-OM volume fractions in- creased. The GF(85%) vs. NR-OM volume fraction relation- ship was interpreted using the Zdanovskii–Stokes–Robinson (ZSR) mixing rule and used to estimate the GF(85%) of the organic matter in the nascent SSA. The estimated pure NR-OM GF(85%) values were 1.16±0.09 and 1.23±0.10 for the indoor and outdoor MARTS, respectively. These measurements demonstrate a clear relationship between SSA particle composition and the sensitivity of light scattering to variations in relative humidity. The implications of these observations to the direct climate effects of SSA particles are discussed.
Research Data Curation Program, UC San Diego, La Jolla, 92093-0175 (https://lib.ucsd.edu/rdcp )
Forestieri, Sara D; Cornwell, Gavin C; Helgestad, Taylor M; Moore, Kathryn A; Lee, Christopher; Novak, Gordon A; Sultana, Camille M; Wang, Xiaofei; Bertram, Timothy H; Prather, Kimberly A; Cappa, Christopher D (2017): Data from: Linking variations in sea spray aerosol particle hygroscopicity to composition during two microcosm experiments. In Center for Aerosol Impacts on Chemistry of the Environment (CAICE). UC San Diego Library Digital Collections. https://doi.org/10.6075/J02B8W60
Forestieri, S. D.; Cornwell, G. C.; Helgestad, T. M.; Moore, K. A.; Lee, C.; Novak, G. A.; Sultana, C. M.; Wang, X.; Bertram, T. H.; Prather, K. A.; et al. Linking variations in sea spray aerosol particle hygroscopicity to composition during two microcosm experiments. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 2016, 16, 9003–9018, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-9003-2016.
This package contains data and an explanatory readme file to reproduce figures 2-5 of “Linking variations in sea spray aerosol particle hygroscopicity to composition during two microcosm experiments”.
Type
Dataset
Subject
Sea spray aerosol (SSA)
Hygroscopicity
Light scattering

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