California State University, Dominguez Hills, Archives and Special Collections > CSU Japanese American Digitization Project > Community analysis notes, no. 1 (January 15, 1944)

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Community analysis notes, no. 1 (January 15, 1944)
United States. War Relocation Authority. Community Analysis Section: publisher
Date Created and/or Issued
Contributing Institution
California State University, Dominguez Hills, Archives and Special Collections
CSU Japanese American Digitization Project
Rights Information
Item in public domain. No restriction on use.
Titled as: From a Nisei who said "No." Account by an unnamed Community Analyst at Manzanar of the "life experience and viewpoints" influencing a young man's "No" response to the Army registration form's Question 28. The account stems from the analyst's notes, reproduced verbatim, from an exchange between the young man and the Hearing Board authorized to decide questions concerning segregation. The account also includes a summary from an extensive follow-up interview, in which the man discusses his family's history of working as farmers in the United States; their experience of racism; their initial desire to serve in the military and the effect of the forced removal ("evacuation") on their thinking; the effects of propaganda from media including the Los Angeles Examiner and the Los Angeles Times; the different expectations of Issei and Nisei regarding their prospects for treatment during the War; and the reasons for his "No" response to Question 28.
8 pages, typescript
The Willard Schmidt collection, documents some of the administrative duties of Willard Schmidt, the Chief of Internal Security for the War Relocation Authority and the Tule Lake incarceration/segregation camp. This collection contains administrative records and photos documenting the Tule Lake camp, the largest incarceration camp with a peak population of 18,789 and with the most turbulent history. In 1943, the camp was turned into a segregation center to house "disloyal" Japanese Americans relocated from other camps based on their answers to a confusing loyalty questionnaire. The camp endured martial law from November 1943- Jan 1944 after escalating protests and unrest. The hostile environment of the camp lead to many incarcerees renouncing their American citizenship upon the end of incarceration, a process which took 14 years to reverse if they did not wish to be deported to Japan.
Batch4_20171108rev; grant_039
Identity and values--Nisei
World War II--Administration--War Relocation Authority
World War II--Administration--Registration and 'loyalty questionnaire
Race and racism
Identity and values--Issei
Industry and employment--Agriculture
Race and racism--Discrimination
Religion and churches--Buddhism
Religion and churches--Christianity
World War II--'Enemy Alien' Classification
World War II--Economic losses
World War II--Incarceration camps--Impact of incarceration
World War II--Mass removal ('Evacuation')
World War II--Military service
World War II--Propaganda--Media propaganda
Geographic communities--California
World War II--Administration--War Relocation Authority--Community Analysis Section
Newell, California
Incarceration Camps--Tule Lake
San Jose State University Department of Special Collections and Archives;
California State University Japanese American Digitization Project
Schmidt (Willard E.) Papers

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