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“Group of beggars, Oct. 1889”. Group portrait of five children, emaciated and wearing rags, sitting on the street. The flooding and famine of 1888 left a large number of children homeless and orphaned. The missions in Manchuria set up a number of facilities in an attempt to alleviate the problems. Mrs Ross and Mrs Webster set up orphanages in Shenyang [Moukden]. ❧ The United Presbyterian Mission in Manchuria had been established by John Ross (1842-1915) when he entered the region in 1872. Shenyang [Moukden] became an important station in the interior and Hospitals, Schools and Orphanages were built there. The United Presbyterian Mission unified with the Irish Presbyterian Mission in 1890 to form an indigenous Presbytery, named Kuan Tung, with Chinese as the official language. ❧ The image is from an album associated with Rev. James A Whylie (1863-1894) who was ordained to the Manchuria mission in 1887 and based in Liaoyang, 1888-1894.