Huntington Library > Photographs > Horatio N. Rust Photograph Collection: Album of Indians of Southern California and the Southwest, approximately 1886-approximately 1905

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Title
Horatio N. Rust Photograph Collection: Album of Indians of Southern California and the Southwest, approximately 1886-approximately 1905
Creator
Rust, Horatio N. (Horatio Nelson), 1828-1906
Contributor
Bonine, Elias A., 1843-1916. (photographer)
Crandall, C. J., 1855-1935. (photographer)
Grabill, John C. H. (photographer)
Lockwood, Nellie Rust. (donor)
Rust, Edward H. (donor)
Date Created and/or Issued
approximately 1886-1905
Contributing Institution
Huntington Library
Collection
Photographs
Rights Information
For information on using Huntington Library materials, please see Reproductions of Huntington Library Holdings: https://www.huntington.org/library-rights-permissions
Description
A photograph album compiled by Horatio Nelson Rust (1828-1906), U.S. Indian agent and archaeological artifact collector, documenting Indians living in Southern California, Arizona and New Mexico, approximately 1886-1905. Includes group portraits of Indian school students in California; members of the Cahuilla, Luiseno, Morongo, Mojave, Hopi, and Navajo tribes; the Indian Council at Pala, 1886; and scenes in Pechanga, Soboba and other native communities of Southern California. A smaller portion of the album includes Southwest and pueblo scenes; archaeological artifacts; and a few commercial photographs of North American Indians from elsewhere.
Horatio Nelson Rust (1828-1906) was a U.S. Indian agent, collector of archeological artifacts, horticulturist, and a Pasadena, California resident and booster. Born in Massachusetts, he became a friend and supporter of abolitionist John Brown (1800-1859), leader of the Harper's Ferry raid. He served as a medical volunteer in the Civil War and afterward helped raise funds for freed Black emigrants to Kansas. His lifelong interest in archaeology led to his exploration of North American Indian antiquities and culture, and he served as federal agent for the Indians of the Mission-Tule River Consolidated Agency in California from 1889 to 1893. His jurisdiction included 22 reservations, most of them in San Bernardino County. He advocated for Indian rights, sometimes stirring controversy, and helped establish an Indian school at Perris, Calif. In 1881, at the age of 53, Rust moved his family to Pasadena, where he became active in community affairs. Rust helped found Pasadena's first public library, and he established a nursery that he and his family ran for sixty years. Rust died in 1906 at the age of 78.
photCL 7, Horatio N. Rust Photograph Collection, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.
Type
Image
Extent
169 photographs in 1 box : 163 prints in 1 album (disbound) and 6 loose photographs + a handwritten album index; ephemera.
Identifier
photCL 7
http://hdl.huntington.org/cdm/ref/collection/p15150coll2/id/13289
Subject
Rust, Horatio N. (Horatio Nelson), 1828-1906--Photographs
Jeffords, Tom, 1832-1914--Photographs
Joseph, Nez Percé chief, 1840-1904--Photographs
Adobe houses--California--Photographs
Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians of the Agua Caliente Indian Reservation, California--Photographs
Arrowheads--Photographs
Cahuilla Indians--Photographs
Diegueño Indians--Photographs
Hopi Indians--Photographs
Indian baskets--Photographs
Indians of North America--California, Southern--Photographs
Indians of North America--Southwest, New--Photographs
Indians of North America--Education--Photographs
Luiseño Indians--California--Pala--Photographs
Mohave Indians--Photographs
Navajo Indians--Photographs
Off-reservation boarding schools--Photographs
Pechanga Band of Mission Indians--Photographs
Pueblo pottery--Photographs
Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians, California--Photographs
Arizona--Photographs
New Mexico--Photographs
Pala (Calif.)--Photographs
Pasadena (Calif.)--Photographs
San Pedro (Los Angeles, Calif.)--Photographs
Temecula (Calif.)--Photographs
Warner's Ranch (Calif.)--Photographs
Photographs. (aat)
Photograph albums. (aat)
Source
Photographs, Huntington Digital Library
Relation
This collection forms part of the Horatio N. Rust Photograph Collection, which consists of photCL 7, 8 9, 10, and 11. ; Papers of Horatio Nelson Rust, 1799-1906 (bulk 1870-1906), held in the Manuscripts Dept.: mssRU 1-1231
Provenance
Gift of Nellie Rust Lockwood and her brother, Edward H. Rust (children of Horatio N. Rust.), 1943.

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