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A photograph album compiled by Horatio Nelson Rust (1828-1906), U.S. Indian agent and archaeological artifact collector, documenting Indians living in Southern California, Arizona and New Mexico, approximately 1886-1905. Includes group portraits of Indian school students in California; members of the Cahuilla, Luiseno, Morongo, Mojave, Hopi, and Navajo tribes; the Indian Council at Pala, 1886; and scenes in Pechanga, Soboba and other native communities of Southern California. A smaller portion of the album includes Southwest and pueblo scenes; archaeological artifacts; and a few commercial photographs of North American Indians from elsewhere. Horatio Nelson Rust (1828-1906) was a U.S. Indian agent, collector of archeological artifacts, horticulturist, and a Pasadena, California resident and booster. Born in Massachusetts, he became a friend and supporter of abolitionist John Brown (1800-1859), leader of the Harper's Ferry raid. He served as a medical volunteer in the Civil War and afterward helped raise funds for freed Black emigrants to Kansas. His lifelong interest in archaeology led to his exploration of North American Indian antiquities and culture, and he served as federal agent for the Indians of the Mission-Tule River Consolidated Agency in California from 1889 to 1893. His jurisdiction included 22 reservations, most of them in San Bernardino County. He advocated for Indian rights, sometimes stirring controversy, and helped establish an Indian school at Perris, Calif. In 1881, at the age of 53, Rust moved his family to Pasadena, where he became active in community affairs. Rust helped found Pasadena's first public library, and he established a nursery that he and his family ran for sixty years. Rust died in 1906 at the age of 78. photCL 7, Horatio N. Rust Photograph Collection, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.
169 photographs in 1 box : 163 prints in 1 album (disbound) and 6 loose photographs + a handwritten album index; ephemera.
Rust, Horatio N. (Horatio Nelson), 1828-1906--Photographs Jeffords, Tom, 1832-1914--Photographs Joseph, Nez Percé chief, 1840-1904--Photographs Adobe houses--California--Photographs Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians of the Agua Caliente Indian Reservation, California--Photographs Arrowheads--Photographs Cahuilla Indians--Photographs Diegueño Indians--Photographs Hopi Indians--Photographs Indian baskets--Photographs Indians of North America--California, Southern--Photographs Indians of North America--Southwest, New--Photographs Indians of North America--Education--Photographs Luiseño Indians--California--Pala--Photographs Mohave Indians--Photographs Navajo Indians--Photographs Off-reservation boarding schools--Photographs Pechanga Band of Mission Indians--Photographs Pueblo pottery--Photographs Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians, California--Photographs Arizona--Photographs New Mexico--Photographs Pala (Calif.)--Photographs Pasadena (Calif.)--Photographs San Pedro (Los Angeles, Calif.)--Photographs Temecula (Calif.)--Photographs Warner's Ranch (Calif.)--Photographs Photographs. (aat) Photograph albums. (aat)